Kids should start the speech by wishing everyone present there, and then they can start the speech on the topic “pollution” as explained below.
Table of Contents
Persuasive Speech About Pollution
Speech Introduction: “Hello, Everyone. Today I’m going to present a persuasive speech about pollution. Thanks for providing me with a chance to debate on a national issue.”
Every day we come across the term pollution. Then we blame the industries and government for it and release ourselves from all the responsibilities.
Are we sure that we don’t contribute to pollution? Well, no doubt industries play significant roles in pollution, but along with that, we are also responsible to some extent.
What does pollution mean? Pollution is the changes taking place in the natural environment, which has harmful effects.
The whole environment is polluted now like the air we breathe, the soil we use for cropping and the water we use, etc. Human activity is the main reason for this pollution and imbalance.
(At the end of the introduction, kids must take a pause and continue the speech with the different kinds of pollution we are facing.)
Some examples of the pollution we face are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution, radioactive pollution, plastic pollution, thermal pollution, etc.
We can’t stop our breathing for a longer period. We need to air every second. But nowadays, the toxicity level in the air is increasing.
For example, let’s take India. India is facing more air pollution problems as compared to other countries. This country has 13 cities among the 20 most polluted cities in the world. Delhi (the capital city of India) stands in the first row for pollution.
Another city having the most pollution due to industrialization is Bengaluru and thus known as the Asthma city of India. According to IQAir’s report, the most polluted city in 2019 was Ghaziabad, Delhi, Followed by Hotan, China.
The next most polluted cities include Gujranwala (Pakistan), Faisalabad (Pakistan), Delhi (India), Noida (India), Gurugram (India), Raiwind (India), etc.
However, if we explain about the most polluted countries, then we will get; Bangladesh, Pakistan, Mongolia, Afghanistan, India, Indonesia, Bahrain, Nepal, Uzbekistan, Iraq, China, etc. in the top list.
To the date, the most polluted city in the world is Beijing, China, which has a maximum air quality index (AQI) of 176.
Air can be polluted by two major kinds of pollutants, i.e., indoor pollutants and outdoor pollutants.
Outdoor pollutants include toxic gases like nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide.
Particulate matter of industries and automobiles also comes under outdoor pollutants. Simultaneously, indoor pollutants include the toxic gases released from kitchen fuels and building materials like asbestos.
Air pollution comes under the top 10 killers of the world. It causes various fatal diseases like different respiratory diseases, hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, oxidative stress-induced various tissue damages along with cancer.
Before getting too late, we have to prevent this problem. Renewable energy should be considered as an alternative.
Electrostatic precipitation should be used in industries to diminish particulate matter. Strict rules for automobiles should be followed, and certain old automobiles should be banned in other places too, as in Delhi.
(Kids shouldn’t turn their speech on pollution to a reading session. Make sure to have a proper balance of voice and speed.)
71% of the planet earth is covered by water, but still, we are facing water scarcity problems. The reason is that the ocean covers 96.5% of water, which is not favourable for daily use.
The remaining usable water is getting polluted day by day. River, lake, and groundwater are depleting continuously due to more use as compared to rain.
The main reasons for water pollution are the release of many toxic materials into the river or other water resources.
Sewage and industrial effluents are releasing into the water without any pre-treatment. Removed water from agricultural fields is directly released to the river with all the pesticides and fertilizers.
In both rural and urban areas, most of the domestic litter are directly flushed into water.
An increase in the percentage of pollutants in water can decrease the oxygen percentage, which causes fatal effects on aquatic animals.
If industries follow the pre-treatment process, then a massive amount of water pollution can be blocked. Instead of draining the sewage directly into the water, we can treat the sewage in STP and can use it further in agriculture.
In urban areas, noise pollution is widespread, but this brings stress and anxiety to every person.
Sound up to 70db is not harmful to the ear, but the irritation depends upon the time duration of exposure.
Any machinery sound that creates mental illness in the human can be counted under noise pollution.
Humans can suffer from several disorders due to noise pollution such as hearing defects, malicious social behaviour, changes in spoken communication, sleep disturbances, cardiovascular disturbances, and, most importantly, disturbances in mental health. So, we should be aware not to create useless sounds.
Soil is the basic need for cropping and agriculture. So, soil pollution can directly affect agriculture, which may result in a scarcity of food. In developing countries, mining, industrial activities, improper disposal of waste, and mechanized agriculture are the main reasons for soil pollution.
To overcome this problem, phytoremediation should be used vastly. By planting trees, we can save soil both from pollution and soil erosion.
Many soil amendments are also used to immobilize the heavy metals and toxic substances in soil released from industries. Biochar is one of those soil amendments. Different kinds of bioremediation are also used to purify the soil.
Every power plant needs to dispose of its heat waste. For their profit, they choose a cheap process to dispose of, i.e., water.
Then they directly release the hot water into the river or any other water source. This causes severe harm to the aquatic animals, which may bring an imbalance to the ecosystem.
By taking one step of cooling treatment, the industries can erase the thermal pollution to some extent. Those treated water can also be used domestically.
Till now, each pollution which I have explained is either biological pollution or chemical pollution and maybe physical pollution.
But our generation is also facing radioactive pollution. Radioactive pollutants have the capacity to release radiation like alpha, beta, and gamma, etc. These radiations cause mutation and may result in cancer or death.
As the population is increasing, so the electricity demand has also increased. To increase the production of electricity, atomic energy is used.
One gram of Uranium (a radioactive element) can provide the power of approximately 3 tons of coal.
But after the production of energy, the radioactive wastes remain active or functional for an extended period, and during this period, any contact of living organisms may cause harm to that individual.
Radioactive pollution can spread through the air, water, and soil also. Sometimes it can also enter the food chain.
So radioactive waste management is a mandatory step. The government should maintain it with proper legal restrictions.
Wastes should be disposed of in deep tunnels created underground, and the area should be prohibited for other uses. We cannot erase this pollution completely, but at least we can minimize its effect.
Next is plastic pollution. Plastic pollution is the result of our comfort. Nowadays, every wrapper, cover, packet, and the carrier is made up of plastic.
We use plastic and then throw it. Plastic is non-degradable, so it gets deposited for hundreds of years.
Due to plastic accumulation, our ocean, soil, air, everything is getting polluted. Our food is also contaminated with micro and nano plastic particles.
We can’t even burn all the plastic wastes. It releases toxic gases like carbon dioxide when incinerated.
Many marine animals are getting affected due to the ocean polluted by plastics. Plastic accumulation on land affects agriculture.
The only way to control it is to use an alternative for plastic. Minimizing our plastic use can save this environment to some extent.
We also can use biodegradable wrappers. But what about the plastic wastes already deposited on earth? We need to regulate those wastes, and strict rules should be applied to using plastics.
Conclusion of Speech on Pollution for Kids
Many governmental and non-governmental organizations are spreading awareness about pollution and saving the world. But still, we don’t have a positive result. Every human on this planet needs to be conscious of this issue.
Otherwise, a day will come when we will wipe out all other organisms and eventually will end our race too.
Global warming and other natural disasters are increasing day by day. Irregular rainfall, unusual climate change is a warning for us to awake. As we are the dominant race so these all things are our responsibility.
Here in this article, we have covered how kids can make a speech on pollution with some basic instructions. You can modify this according to your need and can give your best. Besides a good script, kids should also learn some presentation skills like speaking in a clear, loud voice, and somebody postures for looking confident while presenting.