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Causes and Effects of Deforestation | Preventive Measures

Deforestation: Causes and effects with preventive measures

The causes and effects of deforestation are one of the most significant environmental issues. Deforestation refers to the destruction of a forest permanently to use it for various reasons such as industrialization, urban developments, agriculture, mineral & oil extractions, etc.

causes and effects of deforestation with preventive measures

Since the industrial age started, human has increased the rate of deforestation at a faster pace. As a result of this, millions of animals have lost their home.

Deforestation not only seizes animal habitats but is also a threat to the environment. It is high time to stand together and find solutions to tackle this environmental issue, i.e., deforestation.

Awareness is essential to find out the preventive measures for deforestation, and for that, we need to understand deforestation in detail.

What Are the Causes of Deforestation?

Various reasons lead to deforestation. Most of the time, deforestation occurs due to human interest in satisfying different needs such as logging, timber production, mining, further development, etc. Some of the major causes of deforestation are as follows;

causes of deforestation

Deforestation Due to Population Growth

More land is in demand for housing and other settlements with the increasing rate of population. It requires more places to fulfill the needs of various accommodations such as food, housing, timber, households, etc. To achieve all these needs, deforestation takes place.

Deforestation Due to Logging

It is one of the common reasons that cause deforestation. Wood industries such as paper, match-sticks, furniture, etc., need a massive supply of wood.

Most of the time, logging takes place illegally to supply wood in a considerable amount to the wood-based industries. Apart from this, wood is also a kind of fuel for cooking.

Deforestation Due to Agricultural Expansions

The conversion of forest land into agricultural farms is causing deforestation at an alarming rate. Huge lands are required for farming activities, such as plowing, planting seeds, growing crops, etc.

Due to the increasing demand for food products worldwide, many forest lands are deforested to supply the requirements.

Deforestation Due to Mining

Mining companies clear large areas of land in order to build mines and extract minerals. This process destroys forests and disrupts ecosystems. The pollutants that spread through environmental mining cause hazardous effects to nearby places. Deforestation due to mining is a major problem that needs to be addressed.

Deforestation Due to Timber Production

The production of timber is one of the primary reasons that cause deforestation. The demand for timber is increasing day by day, which is directly connected to deforestation.

The production of timber takes away trees that are necessary for the environment. Timber production also contributes to climate change by releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Forests are the only source to produce a tremendous amount of timber for different uses. The demand for wood is increasing rapidly; simultaneously, the area of forest lands is shrinking gradually.

Deforestation Due to Forest Fire

In recent years, deforestation due to forest fire has become a major problem. Forest fire destroys vast areas of forest land. It can destroy entire ecosystems, leaving behind nothing but barren land.

Both natural and human causes are responsible for forest fires. It not only destroys the vegetation of forest land but also hampers the natural habitats of millions of wild animals.

Other Causes of Deforestation

  • Road constructions contribute to deforestation.
  • Livestock farming also hampers the forest ecosystem. It leads to deforestation to use the land for livestock farming purposes.
  • Trees are cut down to use as fuel for various purposes such as cooking, heating, etc.
  • A massive number of trees are getting destroyed to make paper that we use every day in different ways.
  • Many forests have been cleared for palm oil plantations. Palm oil is used in various products like shampoo, lipstick, a food item, etc.
  • Apart from forest fire, some other natural causes that lead to deforestation are hurricanes, floods, parasites, etc.

What Are the Effects of Deforestation?

Deforestation not only affects the wildlife quite severely but also affects the environment in various ways, such as:

effects of deforestation

Greenhouse Effect

The greenhouse effect is one of the main effects of cutting countless trees every year. Trees help maintain the balance of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the atmosphere.

This balance has been disturbed due to the loss of millions of trees. Deforestation is also causing the release of other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which is a big reason for global warming.

Soil Erosion Effect

We all know that trees help in binding the soil together to protect it from erosion. Due to excessive deforestation across the globe, soil erosion is occurring at a higher rate.

Due to deforestation, the soil is contacting with the heat of the sun directly and losing moisture & nutrients. Soil erosion affects the irrigation system and hydroelectric infrastructure on a large scale.

Imbalance In the Water Cycle

Deforestation has a huge impact on the water cycle. Trees play a vital role in the water cycle by regulating the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. When trees are removed, the amount of water vapor decreases, which leads to a decrease in precipitation. This can lead to droughts and other water shortages.

Deforestation Affects Ozone Layer

Deforestation has many negative effects, one of which is its impact on the ozone layer. The ozone layer protects us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. However, when trees are removed, this protection is diminished. As a result, more ultraviolet rays are able to reach the earth’s surface, causing health problems for humans and animals.

Deforestation Contributes to Acidic Ocean

Deforestation plays a significant role in the acidification of our oceans. When trees are cut down, they no longer have the ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This gas then dissolves into the ocean, where it forms carbonic acid. This process increases the ocean’s acidity, which is detrimental to marine life.

Acidification also makes it harder for corals to build their skeletons and shellfish to form their shells. As a result, deforestation not only harms the environment on land, but also has a negative impact on the health of our oceans.

Deforestation Affects Wildlife

Deforestation affects wildlife in many ways. One way is that it destroys their habitat. When animals lose their homes, they also lose access to food and water; This can lead to starvation and dehydration. Deforestation also reduces the populations of certain species of animals.

Lets take the example of birds. Deforestation affects birds in various ways. When forests are cleared, there is less area for birds to live and nest. This can lead to a decrease in the population of specific bird species. The loss of trees can reduce the availability of insects, which are an important food source for many birds. This can disrupt the food chain, as well as the balance of ecosystems.

Deforestation Leads to Floods and Droughts

Deforestation can lead to both floods and droughts. When there are fewer trees to absorb water, the ground becomes much drier. This can lead to droughts when there is not enough rain. When it does rain, the water has nowhere to go and can cause floods.

Other Effects of Deforestation

Deforestation also affects the tourism industry, and as a result, the country’s economy will also get affected. Due to deforestation, we will lose the natural remedies (used for medicinal purposes) available in the rainforest. If deforestation continues like this, the day will come when all the rainforests will be destroyed within 100 years.

Preventive Measures of Deforestation

Let’s not lose hope; we can still protect our earth by applying possible preventive measures or solutions to deforestation;

preventive measures of deforestation

Educational Campaigns

It is possible to combat deforestation through awareness. Educational campaigns can be an excellent example of awareness about deforestation. This can be done by teaching people about the importance of trees and forests.

Educational campaigns may include ads, public service announcements, social media campaigns, and educational materials distributed in schools. These campaigns can be targeted to different age groups and cultures, and should be designed to raise awareness of the issue of deforestation and its impact on the environment.


Reforestation is one of the best preventive measures of deforestation. it helps in restoring the forest cover that has been lost due to any reason. It also provides a number of benefits like reducing soil erosion, improving water quality, providing habitat for wildlife and many more. We all need to understand the importance of reforestation and implement it to save the environment.

Following The Rules & Regulations

There should be strict rules & regulations against those who are involved in deforestation activities by any means. People should follow these rules & regulations because it is everyone’s responsibility to save the environment.

Use of Renewable Forest Resources

We can grow trees as a source of wood from secondary growth forests. Using sustainable local wood sources and charcoal for cooking or heating is an excellent alternative to fossil fuels (provided it comes from local authorities).

Reduce the Consumption of Paper

Choose recyclable paper products, such as printing paper, notebooks, napkins, toilet paper, etc. To reduce the wastage of paper, we can make a habit of taking a printout on both sides of a paper and even writing on both sides of our notebook. If we can limit the use of paper products, we can reduce the reasons for deforestation to some extent.

Other Preventive Measures to Stop Deforestation

Can we do something to stop deforestation?

  • Prefer to buy products from sustainable companies like Asian pulp & paper, Hershey, Wilmar International, Loreal, Unilever, Disney, etc. These companies are committed to minimizing deforestation.
  • If we can minimize our consumption, we will be able to treat the deforestation problem to some extent. For example, reducing the use of palm oil products, etc.
  • Implement the 3 R’s of environment or prefer to buy recycled and eco-friendly products.
  • We should Prefer to consume vegetarian food whenever possible.
  • Prefer to purchase certified wood products. Make sure you check the labels & FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) mark before purchasing any wood product.


Deforestation is a problem that affects us all, and it is one that we must work together to solve. The causes of deforestation are many and complex, but the effects are clear: loss of habitat for wildlife, loss of trees that provide vital ecosystem services, and contribution to climate change.

But there is a hope. By taking preventive measures such as reducing our demand for products made from illegally-logged timber, choosing sustainably-produced wood products, and supporting reforestation efforts, we can help make a difference. Together, we can protect our planet’s forests for generations to come. Finally, planting trees can reduce almost all major causes and effects of deforestation.

One Comment

  1. Very useful notes. It helps a lot. Easy to understand. Easy to memorize. After Writing, i don’t want to read anymore cause it’s a very easy to understand.

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