Conservation of Forest
Forests are the bearer of life. We depend on forests for our survival. The air we breathe in, the woods we use, all are provided to us through the means of the forest. Not only this, but forests also provide us with a livelihood; it is also a habitat for wild animals.
Forests are the backbone of the life forms and the life on earth sustained through them. It maintains a complex ecosystem consisting mainly of trees that support many types of life.
Forests are of great use for human beings, and it needs to be conserved.
Table of Contents
Concept of Conservation of Forest
The act of protecting someone or something is called conservation.
Every action is a reaction of influence or inspiration. To conceptualize anything an immediate initiative has to be taken. In the case of conservation of forests, an act has been made, “Forest (conservation) Act in 1980” and its amendments were made in 1988.It is an act to provide for the conservation of forests and for matters connected in addition to that or ancillary or incidental thereto.
Ways to the Conservation of Forest
As mentioned earlier, forests are essential to us. Life would not be able to sustain if forests disappear. Not only this, the earth would come to an end if forests are not there to regulate it.
There are several ways through which forests can be saved. If these methods are practiced properly, the ecosystem would be balanced and can be saved –
- Regulated and planned cutting of trees:
A regular check should be given on the number of trees that have been cut. A planned graph should be made before cutting trees in an area. No extra trees should be harmed. In fact, a reasonable number of trees should be allowed to cut.
By a reasonable number of trees, we mean that only those trees should be harmed that are either dead or can be replaced. Planned cutting of trees helps in keeping track of the number of trees that are required to be planted so as to replace the trees that have been cut.
- Forest fire should be controlled:
The major loss of forests is mostly because of a forest fire. A forest fire can be of two types, first, natural fire and second, man-made fire.
When the fire is spreading naturally, there should not only be a check on it but it should be controlled as well. Man-made fire disturbs the whole ecosystem leading to the increase in global warming.
Forest fire in previous times was initiated by the tribal people as an outcome of Jhum (or jhoom) cultivation. But it was then practiced in a proper manner. Tribal people came back to that very land where they set on fire and grow more trees on that land.
- The idea of Afforestation:
This should be your moral duty if you are cutting a tree, you should grow a tree to replace and compensate the environment for it. This would surely help in equalizing the number of trees.
Afforestation can help to maintain an ecological balance as the number of trees that are cut would be equal to the number of trees planted. This is a really good step towards a bright future.
Even the future generation can see trees growing and would inculcate this habit of planting trees. This can be really good for the earth as well as for humans as a moral figure.
- Unnecessary and Avoidable forest clearances should be checked:
In the era of rapid urbanization and industrialization, clearing of forests just for the sake of making another house, building or establishing an industry is pretty normal. The number of trees that are taken down as a result of this is generally not even accounted for. The loss of environment and deterioration of forests happen as a result of unnecessary forest clearances. Therefore, they must be checked and avoided at any cost.
Many movements on part of people show instances that the conscience of People to protect the environment is still alive. All that we now need is to make our governments realize the catastrophe they will bring on our planet if unnecessary and Avoidable forest clearances are not properly checked.
- The need to value forests and use its products responsibly:
Sometimes we start taking things for granted without realizing that nothing lasts forever and every necessity that we try to fulfill comes at a cost. With the reckless use of forest products come unavoidable harms on the forest as well as the environment. Sometimes we take cut of trees for logs but we forget to collect its limbs, foliage, etc which is then left as useless debris.
At other times we cut a tree for its branches, stump and, foliage and leave the remaining parts that are left worthless. This carelessness on the part of humans leads to irresponsible felling of trees which in turn expedites the process of extinction of our forests.
Other important ways to conserve forests are:
- Passage of laws preventing the cutting of trees recklessly by the legislature.
- Will of government to prevent Deforestation by educating people about the ill impacts of extinction of forests on our environment.
- Granting some sort of incentive to those people or organizations who are working towards the conservation of forest.
- Incentivizing tree plantation and promoting it on a regular basis.
- Celebrating tree plantation as a festival and promoting it in environmental education institutions and other responsible organs of our society.
- Promoting research for efficient and proper use of our forests.
- Inculcating the principles to value forests through education and promoting forests like a tourist center. Promoting forests as a tourist place will help in protecting the forest as well as adding to the economy.
- Proper surveillance of forest.
- Proper categorization of forests.
- Economic utilization of forest resources.
- Prevent any kind of environmental pollution that leads to damage to our precious resources.
Importance of Conservation of Forest
Forests are necessary elements in the earth. We need to conserve them because if forests are destroyed, animals and other creatures of the forests will come out to human settlements searching for a place to stay.
Animals will be killed more and more by humans. Environment goes into an imbalance. Humans will start fighting each other for wood and other plant materials. They will end up destroying each other for forest areas. Slowly and steadily, the carbon dioxide level rises all over the world.
Another alarming situation is rising, we need to act now. Read more about Saving Natural Resources & Its Conservation.
Rains will become scarce, heat level in the world will increase to a very high level and soon many places will become arid and dry. The snow-clad peaks of mountains, frozen rivers and the ice at the poles will all melt at a rapid pace.
Not only these, wild animals, who thought to the forest to be their home, would wander in the streets creating havoc. This can lead to the destruction of developed areas and ultimately can create a danger to the human life as some dangerous creatures such as lions, tigers and elephants can create chaos in your residential area if they are set free.
Therefore, proper management is needed for the conservation of forests else it would result in the devastation of the earth. We hope this article gave you an idea of forest conservation, if you have your own ideas then you can comment below and we will include them here.
Also, don’t forget to share these with your friends through Facebook wall to increase the awareness in the rising issue, we need to tackle now.