Types of Environmental Pollution

Various types of environmental issues which affect our Earth and its natural environment.

What is Environmental Pollution?

When the pollutants get entry into the environment which causes harmful effects not only to the living organism but to the environment also, this is called environmental pollution. These pollutants can be present in any form such as substances or energy in the environment but when found in excessive amount can contaminate the environment. Pollutants or contaminants play a vital role in polluting the environment.

The pollutants hamper our Eco-system by interfering with the natural activities of the environment. The day by day development across the globe is increasing the level of pollution in the environment. The environmental pollution has many hazardous effects on mankind and on our planet itself. In this article, we will discuss the different types of environmental pollution so that we can find out solutions to get rid of these pollution’s.

Types of Environmental Pollution

There are many different kinds of environmental pollution such as air, water, noise, light, etc. The rate of environmental pollution through all these means is increasing quite rapidly which is a situation of great worries. The condition of our planet is very alarming. It is very important that we know the problem in detail to find out a good solution to the problem. Hence, let’s discuss the different forms of environmental pollution to find out the prevention to save the environment and our planet.

  • Air Environmental Pollution

Air pollution is one of the major kinds of environmental pollution that results in extremely hazardous effects on mankind and the environment as well. The rate of air pollution is increasing day by day with the increase of urbanization & industrialization. When harmful substances such as dust, various harmful gases (such as SO2, CO, NO2, etc.), smoke, etc. released in the atmosphere, the air gets contaminated automatically. Both human and natural activities cause air pollution. For example – emission of pollutants from factories are human activities that cause air pollution, on the other hand, forest fire causes air pollution which is a natural activity.

Air pollution causes many health problems to human such as cardiovascular illness, respiratory issues hinder the oxygen supply in the body, decreases the functioning of lungs, etc. Air pollution may also cause some serious health issues such as cells damaging, chances of heart attack, etc.

Air pollution affects children more.
  • Industrial Environmental Pollution

When the industrial waste, chemicals, toxins, contaminants, etc. are releasing in the environment by means of air, water or land it causes industrial pollution. The air gets polluted through industrial fumes, water gets polluted through disposal of contaminants in water bodies and waste from industries gets accumulate in landfill making the environment polluted. Industrial pollution may cause an imbalance in the ecosystem, hampers the health of plants, animals & humans and disturbs the ecology of water bodies, etc.

Industrial pollution has become one of the major types of environmental issues that is constantly increasing after the industrial revolution. The industries should cooperate in minimizing the industrial pollution from its sources itself before it spreads in the environment in different ways.

The toxic metals from industries must be minimized so that it cannot accumulate in the environment. The emission of toxic gases should also be controlled. The bottom line is that if consumers can limit their requirement & demand then the supply will automatically be minimized. As a result of which the pollution from various industries can be reduced to some extent.

  • Water Environmental Pollution

Water is our primary need. We cannot even think of our life without water but unfortunately the water bodies such as rivers, oceans, lakes, groundwater, etc. are contaminating at an alarming rate. Water gets polluted when the contaminants such as harmful chemicals, industrial wastes, fertilizers, etc. entered into the water bodies.

Water pollution is mainly caused by various unhealthy activities of human beings such as dumping industrial waste, sewage disposal, dumping wastes, mining, oil spills, etc. These pollutants affect the Eco-system underwater by spoiling the life of numerous plants & animal species underwater. Water pollution not only harms aquatic life but affects the entire food chain directly or indirectly.

Water pollution is a very big global environmental issue that has to be tackled as early as possible. Plastic disposal is one of the major causes of water pollution. Well, this is good for those who care for our planet. As per local media, G20 countries have committed to work together to minimize ocean plastic waste.

Apart from this, the Queensland state parliament has approved laws to save the Great Barrier Reef. The main objective of these laws is to minimize the sediment & pesticides coming from the farms along the coastline. There are many initiatives taken by different countries to do some necessary steps to tackle water pollution worldwide.

  • Noise Environmental Pollution

The high-pitched sound that seems unpleasant to our ear causes noise pollution. When the intensity of sound crosses 85 dB it causes discomfort to us both mentally & physically.  It also comes under types of environmental pollution as noise pollution not only affects human health but is also harmful to animals.

It may cause hypertension, blood pressure problems, an increase in stress level, anxiety, etc. to humans, whereas in the case of animal’s noise pollution causes reproductive problems, breeding problems, production issues, etc. In some severe cases of noise pollution, an individual can permanently lose hearing power. There may be several reasons for noise pollution such as loudspeakers, disco, marriage functions, industrial noise, etc.

We should implement the necessary measures to prevent the environment from noise pollution. For example – Use earplugs, Lower the volume to avoid unnecessary noise pollution, stop using loudspeaker late night, strictly follow the noise pollution limits, try to avoid noise pollution near sensitive zones like hospitals, regularly check the noise level of your vehicles & other equipment, etc.

  • Land Environmental Pollution

When the quality of Earth’s surface decreases it is called land pollution. Land pollution is majorly caused by human activities. The main causes of land pollution are improper disposal of wastes, garbage, chemical products, etc. Fertilizers, pesticides, toxins, etc. released from factories and agricultural wastes also cause land pollution. The main causes of land pollution include rapid construction, mineral exploitation, acid rain, chemicals used in agriculture, etc. Land pollution eventually hampers the health of living organisms.

Many countries are making new rules and regulations to tackle land pollution and are also very strict on their laws. Greece is a very good example. The Govt. of Greece has made an announcement to treat plastic waste to save its beaches. The Greece Govt. has prioritized plastic pollution and also made a resolution to stop single-use plastic by June 2020.

San Francisco has also taken a very good initiative. San Francisco International Airport has banned the selling of single-use plastic bottles. These small initiatives will become revolutionary steps towards environment protection.

  • Thermal Environmental Pollution

The release of extreme heat in the environment is called thermal pollution. The major reasons of thermal pollution are vehicles & industries or factories. The excessive heat released from vehicles & factories may cause unwanted changes in nature. Thermal pollution is also polluting the water bodies on the Earth’s surface. In short thermal pollution is also a reason for water pollution. Earth’s temperature is increasing day by day due to thermal pollution and eventually causing climate change, global warming, wildlife extinction, etc.

Land and soil pollution in types of environmental pollution
  • Soil Environmental Pollution

Soil pollution occurs when unwanted toxins and chemicals get dissolve soil. The pesticides or insecticides used for agriculture makes the soil unfit by absorbing the nutrients. Deforestation is another reason for soil pollution. Soil degradation (through excessive grazing, excessive farming, excessive mining activities, etc.) also causes soil pollution. Soil pollution is contaminating the surface of the earth and hence the environment is also getting polluted.

  • Light Environmental Pollution

Light pollution occurs when the artificial light is used excessively that enlightens the skies at night. The cycle of natural activities gets upset due to light pollution. As a result of light pollution, wildlife is also getting affected by causing an unnecessary nuisance. The light pollution is mainly observed in metropolitan & busy cities.

  • Radioactive Environmental Pollution

Well, radioactive pollution caused due to the irresponsible disposal of nuclear waste, unwanted events happening in nuclear plants, etc. Radioactive pollution is termed as the most hazardous pollution due to its permanent effects on living organisms & the environment too. Radioactive pollution may cause blindness, skin allergy, infertility, etc.

However, it is quite hard to avoid radiation in our life because radiation is everywhere. Our cell phones, medical examination equipment, etc. everything runs on radiation. We are surrounded by radiation at every moment of our life. The best option to protect ourselves from radiation is to maintain some distance from gadgets and equipment. We also should minimize the use of these types of equipment to save the environment.

If you can think of more types of environmental pollution, reply in the comment box we will update it. In the meantime, share this article with your friends.


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